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Since starting on the bench, Judge Hruz has worked hard to serve as an intelligent, independent and fair member of the bench. He does so for the benefit of all members of the bar who practice in the District's courts, as well as all the residents and guests who live, work and enjoy the great opportunities the communities located in District III of the Court of Appeals have to offer.
JUDGE TOM HRUZ
Like most high-volume, intermediate appellate courts, the primary function of the Court of Appeals is to correct errors that occurred at the trial court level. The published opinions of the Court are binding precedent unless overruled by the Wisconsin Supreme Court, and the Supreme Court has recognized that the Court of Appeals has a "law defining and law development" function. Cook v. Cook, 208 Wis. 2d 166, 188, 560 N.W.2d 246 (1997).
The District III Court of Appeals sits in a three-judge panel to decide the merits of most appeals. Several categories of cases, however, are decided by a single judge.
The Court of Appeals issues a written decision in every case. The Court's publication committee determines which decisions will be published. If a decision is published, it may be cited as precedential authority.
No testimony is taken in the Court of Appeals. The Court relies on the circuit court record and the written briefs of the parties. The Court hears oral argument when the judges feel it would be beneficial to their decision.
For more information on Wisconsin's Appellate Court system please refer to the Wisconsin Courts' website HERE.
Authorized and Paid for by Friends of Judge Tom Hruz, Robert R. Gagan, Treasurer